DEVELOPMENT OF THE 2016/2017 NEW PEANUT CROP as at August 7, 2017
Our Agronomists reported that during the week the whole peanut productive sector of Argentina progressed with the harvest.
The period showed cold weather conditions during the first hours of the day while in the afternoon the conditions were pleasant, sunny and with little wind, registering some light frosts throughout the central production area.
We highlight that the harvest is still performed in the central and south regions where there are about 20 to 25% of peanut not harvested yet. What is more, there are also remaining those fields or lots in which the operating conditions remain complicated. That is why, the progress continue being slow, and of course, significant losses of yield are observed and registered due to the condition of the peanuts dug – we have to think that there are peanuts that have already 5 months of having been dug and a task that was carried out under conditions of saturated moisture soil.-
However, in many areas, despite the losses, there are still lots that achieve good to very good yields, and the quality has not yet been significantly damaged. Of course, this is very variable and it depends a lot, on what field or lot situation we are highlighting.
During the week, we also saw some very complicated conditions where very important yield losses are observed due to the degree of deterioration of the peanuts in the row.
With significant delays, it continues the harvest of the peanut of Cordoba
The Cereals Board of Cordoba estimates that 49,000 hectares of peanuts were lost due to flooding
The Cereals Board of Cordoba estimated that for the second half of July 2017, the progress of the harvest is 61%. This slow progress of harvest brings problems in the final quality of the kernel due to health (external and internal mold) and / or presence of dust in the pod. The unfavorable climatic conditions (excessive rainfall between March and June that caused flooding in the south of the province) have made it difficult the peanut harvest during the last two seasons.
In the following graph, in a quick inter-season analysis, we can see how the threshing task has been extended. In July 2015, 100% of the peanut was harvested, while in 2017 only 61% is harvested.
It should be noted that the departments in the central of the province present values for the progress of the harvest close to 85%, while in the south area, this is between 35 and 50%.
Having been dug the 100% of the peanut area as at June and the slow progress of the harvest in the second half of July (resting 39%), these could cause problems in the final quality of the kernel (external and internal mold, frozen , and / or presence of dust in the pod) and losses in the yields of the remaining surface to be gathered.
Inter-seasons comparison of the progress of the peanut harvest
Source: BCCBA Department of Agro-economic Information
For July, the estimated production for in-shell peanut, based on the data provided by the Network of collaborators D.I.A, places the same at 1.038.800 Tons.; while the corresponding to kernels production is positioned at 727,100 Tons, with a yield of 38.4 qq / ha for in-shell peanut.
Of the 319,400 hectares planted, it is estimated that 49,000 hectares have been lost due to flooding conditions.
The departments most affected are the following ones: General Roca (29,000 hectares) and Pte. Roque Sáenz Peña (8,500 hectares).
(*)Provisory Value as at July 2017
(**)Pods / Kernels Relation: 70/30
Note: The product of the production variables may not coincide with the total due to the rounding of figures
Source: Department of Agro-economic Information